Lipid Profile Test in Jaipur
The lipid profile is a collection of tests that evaluates how much cholesterol and fats are present in the blood. These measurements provide a fast glimpse of what's going on in your blood. The Lipid profile test is commonly ordered to determine the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (heart disease, stroke, and related diseases) and to monitor the treatment of conditions that can cause blood vessel blockage (atherosclerosis, also known as "hardening of the arteries"), as well as certain types of pancreatitis. Cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood can clog arteries, increasing the risk of heart attack.
Frequently Asked Questions
The term "lipids" is used to characterize the body's fats. Lipids can be obtained from the diet (eating fatty foods), but the body can also produce them.. Lipoproteins carry lipids through the bloodstream. A lipid profile includes measurements of cholesterol in two lipoproteins (high density lipoprotein (HDL) and low density lipoprotein (LDL), as well as total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the bloodstream.
Cholesterol is a smooth substance that, at normal levels, is particularly important for biological processes such as assisting in the building of cell walls, helping the body to produce vitamin D, creating digesting bile juice in the small intestine, and allowing the body to produce certain hormones. If your cholesterol levels rise fast, it may become a silent menace, putting you at risk of various significant problems such as peripheral artery disease, heart disease, and heart attacks. Cholesterol is carried in the bloodstream by protein molecules known as lipoproteins. The two most common types of cholesterol are:
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
It is sometimes referred to as bad cholesterol since high levels of this form of cholesterol can exacerbate the threat of numerous severe conditions such as artery blockage, also known as atherosclerosis. This will become the primary source of cardiovascular disease.
High-density cholesterol (HDL)
It is known as good cholesterol because it acts as a defence and removes all harmful and bad cholesterol.
Total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol (commonly referred to as good cholesterol), LDL cholesterol (often referred to as bad cholesterol), and triglycerides are routinely measured as part of the lipid profile. The report will most likely include a calculation of non-HDL cholesterol and may also include other computed values such as total cholesterol/HDL ratio or a risk score based on lipid profile findings, age, gender, and other risk factors - a CVD Risk Assessment.
The lipid profile test, or screening, requires a simple blood draw. You may need to fast (not eat or drink) for 8 to 12 hours before your test. Be sure to ask your doctor how to prepare for the test.
The lipid profile is used to assist healthcare practitioners in determining an individual's cardiovascular risk. The lipid profile data, together with other known risk factors for heart disease, are used to design a therapy and follow-up strategy. The lipid profile is also used to evaluate the efficacy of lipid-lowering medication.
Fasting specimens have historically been used for formal examination of lipid status. Fasting for 10–12 hours with complete dietary restrictions with the exception of water and medication is necessary prior to sample collection.
It is recommended that healthy adults with no extra risk factors for heart disease have their cholesterol and HDL levels evaluated every five years. Most healthy people should get their cholesterol checked every 4 to 6 years. People with heart disease or diabetes, as well as those with a family history of high cholesterol, should get their cholesterol levels checked more often. If you have other risk factors or a history of high cholesterol, you should be tested more regularly and have a comprehensive lipid profile.Children and adolescents should have their cholesterol checked at least once between ages 9 and 11 and again between ages 17 and 21
- Low HDL cholesterol (less than 1.0 mmol/L in males and less than 1.2 mmol/L in women)
- High triglycerides (> 2.0 mmol/L)
- Age (45 or older for men; 55 or older for women)
- A family history of coronary artery disease at a young age (first degree relative affected before age 60)
- Physical inactivity
- Chronic renal failure
Cholesterol is measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) Desirable Cholesterol Levels
Total cholesterol -> Less than 200 mg/dL
LDL (“bad”) cholesterol -> Less than 100 mg/dL
HDL (“good”) cholesterol -> Greater than or equal to 60 mg/dL
Triglycerides -> Less than 150 mg/dL
Your cholesterol numbers are important, but they are just part of your overall health. Your doctor will look at your cholesterol numbers, along with your family history, age, gender, and other parts of your lifestyle or health, such as smoking, that could raise your risk for high cholesterol.
If your findings fall outside of the normal range, you may be at a higher risk of strokes, heart disease, and other health problems. If your doctor receives aberrant findings, he or she may conduct further tests, such as blood glucose or thyroid function test, to determine the risk score.
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