Monsoon Diseases: Prevention is always better than cure!

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It’s almost monsoon time! The sweet aroma of the earth, the little drops on the windows, the pounding rain, and the possibility of falling in love with the season. It has the power to add beauty to nature.  The environment is colorful, vibrant, and exquisite.

However, it can potentially seriously damage your immune system. This is due to the fact that the rainy, humid weather creates the ideal environment for the growth of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and mosquito nests. Enhancing immunity and avoiding illnesses brought on by the monsoon, such as colds, the flu, rashes, fever, or general weakness, requires prevention. 

Deadly diseases including Typhoid, Dengue, Chikungunya, and Malaria are common during the rainy season. They almost all share a few symptoms in common, such fever, weakness, and bodily pains. Additionally, the monsoon season may affect your metabolism, increasing your risk of bloating and indigestion. Therefore, it’s critical to be informed about and take precautions against common monsoon infections.

WHO estimates that at least 2 billion people consume polluted water, which results in an estimated 4.8 million deaths from diarrheal disease each year. Children are the easiest victims because of their growing immune systems. It has been reported that access to safe drinking water might save 2.9 lac deaths in children under the age of five per year.

Also Read: Monkeypox Disease : All you need to understand

“Early diagnosis and basic preventive and hygiene measures can keep you safe and healthy during the monsoon.”

Common Monsoon Diseases

During the monsoon, your chances of contracting various viruses, germs, and other diseases are two times higher than during any other season, resulting in the spread of a variety of diseases

Monsoon diseases can be differentiated based on how they spread:

  • Air Borne Diseases: Common cold, flu type illness
  • Water and Food Borne Diseases: Typhoid, cholera, hepatitis-A, gastroenteritis, and leptospirosis
  • Mosquito Borne Diseases: Malaria, dengue and Chikungunya

Some of the most common monsoon diseases include:

Cold and Flu 

The drastic fluctuation of temperature which happens during this rainy season makes the body susceptible to bacterial and viral attacks, resulting in cold and flu. 

Dengue, Malaria, Chikungunya

In recent years, several illnesses spread by mosquitoes have caused damage. These diseases spread like an epidemic each year as a result of rising garbage piles and pollution levels, and many people become victims of them. High temperature and chills are among the symptoms, along with headache, nausea, and excruciating joint pain.

Also Read: Hepatitis B : Overview, Symptoms & Prevention


It is a serious bowel condition that develops as a result of eating contaminated food. During the monsoon, humidity levels are high and germs are more likely to proliferate. Even while we all like eating roadside fast food during this time of year, we are actually putting ourselves at risk for dangerous illnesses like food poisoning and diarrhoea.


Typhoid may be the cause of your symptoms if you experience them during the monsoon season, including weakness, a sore throat, soreness, headaches, and a high temperature. Salmonella typhi bacteria are the reason behind typhoid. A person is susceptible to typhoid when he or she consumes water or food from an unclean source.


If you are consuming contaminated food and water during the monsoon season, you are exposing your body to a severe monsoon disease called jaundice. Liver dysfunction, yellowness in eyes, weakness, vomiting, and yellow urine are the common symptoms of jaundice.

Fungal Infections

Fungal infections of the skin are quite common in monsoon season. Increasing humidity and increased sweating can cause the fungal organisms to thrive in damp areas of skin like armpits, underneath the breasts, groins, between the toes and so on. Symptoms include rash and itching. It is diagnosed clinically and treatment is by using anti-fungal ointments.

In case of illness

If you fall ill, immediately consult your doctor. Do not start any antibiotics on your own, not even as a preventive measure. Unnecessary antibiotics may make the diagnosis and further treatment difficult. There are serious illnesses during this season like leptospirosis, influenza and dengue. All of them can have a wide variation from mild to severe, and it is best to be diagnosed by a doctor. 


Children are more prone to respiratory diseases when the rainy season begins. Children under five are particularly susceptible to influenza. People over 65 and those with co-morbid diseases like asthma or heart disease are especially negatively affected. The flu shot is seen as essential step for stopping the disease’s transmission among family members and in the neighbourhood.

How to stay safe from Monsoon Diseases

  • Use mosquito nets/ mosquito repellents.
  • Don’t allow water to stagnate or collect.
  • Maintain good hygiene and keep the bathrooms clean.
  • Keep yourself well hydrated – ensure to drink boiled water.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consumption.
  • Increase Vitamin C intake.
  • Avoid the consumption of street food.
  • Ensure open drains and potholes in the locality are covered.
  • Covering the mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing.
  • Isolate yourself when infected.
  • Ensuring homes are well- ventilated at all times.
  • Wear full-sleeved clothes to protect your skin.
  • Eat a balanced diet to keep the immune system strong.


Dr. B. Lal Clinical Laboratory Pvt. Ltd. was established in 1991 with a motive of Serves Best, Serves All and since then it has been working uninterrupted to provide Pathological and Diagnostic solutions that incorporate the best infrastructural and technological advancements in the world of the health sector. Our passion is to deliver the best quality healthcare services combined with the uncompromised trust shown by doctors and patients in our services have made us a distinguished preference over the last 30 + years.

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