Disease

Monkeypox Disease : All you need to understand

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Introduction

An infection with the monkeypox virus results in the uncommon illness known as monkeypox. The virus that causes monkeypox and the variola virus, which causes smallpox, are both members of the same viral family. The symptoms of smallpox are similar to those of monkeypox, though smaller and less dangerous. Monkey pox and chicken pox are unrelated.

Two outbreaks of a disease resembling the pox happened in colonies of monkeys held for research in 1958. Despite its moniker, monkeypox has an unknown origin. However, the virus may also infect people when it is carried by non-human primates (such monkeys) and African rodents.

The first instance of monkeypox in a human was documented in 1970. Before the outbreak in 2022, instances of monkeypox were reported in a number of central and western African nations. Prior to recently, almost all cases of monkeypox in people outside of Africa were associated with either imported animals or international travel to countries where the disease frequently occurs. These incidents have place across several continents.

Monkeypox Symptoms

Monkeypox symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but milder.

Symptoms of monkeypox can include:

  1. Fever
  2. Headache
  3. Muscle aches and backache
  4. Swollen lymph nodes
  5. Chills
  6. Exhaustion
  7. a rash that can resemble pimples or blisters and that can form on the face, the inside of the mouth, the hands, feet, chest, genitals, or the anus.

The rash goes through various stages before fully healing. Usually, the disease lasts two to four weeks. Sometimes the first symptom to show is a rash, then the others. Some people merely get a rash.

Also Read: Hepatitis B : Overview, Symptoms & Prevention

How it Spreads

Monkeypox spreads in different ways. It can be spread through:

  1. Contact with the infectious rash, scabs, or body fluids
  2. The respiratory secretions increase during extended face-to-face contact or during intimate physical contact, such as kissing, snuggling, or intercourse.
  3. Items (such as clothing or linens) that have previously been in contact with an infectious rash or body fluids
  4. The placenta can spread the virus to the fetus during pregnancy

Monkeypox can also be contracted from infected animals, either by being scratched or bitten by them or by preparing or eating meat or using products from them.

From the moment that symptoms appear until the rash has completely healed and a new layer of skin has grown, monkeypox might spread. Usually, the disease lasts two to four weeks. Monkeypox cannot be transmitted by people who don’t have any symptoms. Whether monkeypox can transmit by semen or vaginal fluids is unknown at this time.

Prevention

Prevention Steps

Take the following steps to prevent getting monkeypox:

  1. Avoid close, skin-to-skin contact with people who have a rash that looks like monkeypox.
    1. Do not touch the rash or scabs of a person with monkeypox.
    2. Do not kiss, hug, cuddle or have sex with someone with monkeypox.
    3. Do not share eating utensils or cups with a person with monkeypox.

2. Do not handle or touch the bedding, towels, or clothing of a person with monkeypox.

3. Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

4. Avoid contact with animals that can spread monkeypox virus, usually rodents and primates. Also, avoid sick or dead animals, as well as bedding or other materials they have touched.

If you are sick with monkeypox:

  1. Isolate at home
  2. If you have an active rash or other symptoms, stay in a separate room or area away from people or pets you live with, when possible.

Vaccination

Vaccination is usually recommended for people that are exposed to monkeypox and other people who are at higher risk of being exposed to monkeypox, including:

  1. People who have been identified by public health officials as a contact of someone with monkeypox
  2. People who may have been exposed to monkeypox, such as:
    1. People who are aware that one of their sexual partners in the past 2 weeks has been diagnosed with monkeypox
    2. People who had multiple sexual partners in the past 2 weeks in an area with known  monkeypox virus

        3. People whose jobs may expose them to orthopoxviruses, such as:

A. Laboratory workers who perform testing for orthopoxviruses

B. Laboratory workers who handle cultures or animals with orthopoxviruses

C. Some designated healthcare or public health workers

Note: Vaccines created to fight against smallpox viruses could also be wont to prevent infections from monkeypox thanks to the genetic similarity between smallpox and monkeypox viruses.

Also Read : How to keep your kids safe from the most common child allergies

Is Monkeypox deadly?

The West African strain of the monkeypox virus, which was found during this outbreak, seldom ends up in fatal infections.

Over 99% of individuals who get this manner of the disease are likely to survive. 

However, those with weakened immune systems, children under the age of 8, people with a history of eczema, and pregnant or nursing women could also be more vulnerable to dying or being very ill.

Even while the West African variant is never fatal, the symptoms is brutally painful, and people who are tormented by the rash may have permanent scarring.

Disclaimer:

This information is not intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice. Your doctor should be consulted for any medical advise. Dr. B. Lal Lab accepts no responsibility for the contents of this information, despite the fact that every precaution was taken in its development.


Dr. B. Lal Clinical Laboratory Pvt. Ltd. was established in 1991 with a motive of Serves Best, Serves All and since then it has been working uninterrupted to provide Pathological and Diagnostic solutions that incorporate the best infrastructural and technological advancements in the world of the health sector. Our passion is to deliver the best quality healthcare services combined with the uncompromised trust shown by doctors and patients in our services have made us a distinguished preference over the last 30 + years.

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