Dr. B. Lal Clinical Laboratory Pvt Ltd


Human life relies on the process of breathing. Breathing is the basic living process on which life depends. It is important to understand the significance of the process of breathing. With breathing, we inhale air and that is circulated throughout the body so it matters, what are we breathing and how are we breathing. Yet with time and lifestyle, people have forgotten how to breathe properly.

If breathing is taken seriously and done with utter care and consciousness it can benefit the body and can increase the efficiency of everyday life and process. Breathing is a workout in itself for the body.

The right way to breathe

Before even thinking about breathing exercises we need to learn the proper way to breathe. Breathing is not an independent process it happens with other processes and also affects them.

First, it is important to evaluate your posture. It is necessary to have a straight sitting posture rather than slouchy which does not allow proper space for breathing. Straight posture will allow the air to enter, circulate, and pass out of the system without any restriction. Breathing is paid so much attention that hardly any notice is given to exhaling. Maximum people do not exhale completely leaving carbon dioxide in the lungs. Try to push all the air out of the system which will make your lungs more efficient in their job.

What are the breathing exercises?

Breathing exercises are just breathing but with added conditions to enhance the breathing experience and improve your breathing organs.

Some breathing exercises you can practice are;-

  1. Pursed Lip Breathing
  2. Diaphragmatic breathing
  3. Breath focus technique
  4. Lion’s breath
  5. Alternate nostril breathing
  6. Resonant breathing
  7. Sitali breath
  8. Humming bee breath

Benefits of breathing exercises

  • Improves immunity

Breathing exercises increase the amount of oxygen in the body and increases the release of toxins with carbon-di-oxide. Increased oxygen in the cells and tissues makes them healthier and help them perform better. Healthier and proper functioning organs improve the immune system of the body as well. Clean blood full of oxygen fights better against infectious bacteria and viruses. Improved breathing will also help in better absorption of vitamins and minerals in the body.

  • Clams down anxiety

Psychologists swear by deep breathing exercise to tackle anxiety attacks and also as a long term treatment practice. Deep breathing helps in bringing heart rate to normal and increase oxygen levels. This helps in giving the brain the signal to unwind. Regular deep breathing will help in balancing the hormones releasing endorphins in the body.

  • Increases sleep quality

A deep breathing exercise that entails complete exhalation of the air out provides better sleep. Breathing detoxifies the body and signals to calm down. A deep breathing exercise before bed can help even insomnia suffering people.

  • Decreases toxicity of the body

Stress, eating habits, and shallow exhalation turns the body acidic, and with deep breathing, all the toxins are released turning the body to alkaline. It detoxifies the body. Deep breathing also helps in releasing the lymph around the body and removes strain from the body.

  • Improves digestive system

Deep breathing increases oxygen in the digestive organ and they perform better relieving from any gastrointestinal issues, constipation, indigestion, etc. proper digestion keeps the body energetic and healthy.

  • Good for cardiovascular health

Breathing exercises will help strengthen the cardiovascular muscles and improve blood pressure. Regular deep breathing also decreases the chances of stroke. Deep breathing stimulates the vagus nerve which reduces the ‘fight or flight’ response.

  • Improve concentration and cognitive properties

Regular breathing exercises can improve focus and concentration. It also improves memory and cognitive properties and brain functioning.

  • Gives healthy and glowing skin.

Breathing exercises increase the oxygen concentration in cells giving skin healthy and inner glow. It makes your skin healthy. Breathing exercises burn fat and help in balance hormones which results in less stress and clear skin.

  • Reduces inflammation in the body

Sheetali pranayama is one such breathing exercise which helps in cooling the body down. It triggers a powerful evaporating cooling effect which brings down inflamed agitated emotions and decreases inflammation in the digestive system which stresses the whole body.

  •  Helps sinusitis

Yogic breathing practices can help in sinusitis as the vibrations produced in this exercise dislodge all mucous and drain sinusitis from the body.

  • Makes the body and joints strong

Breathing exercises increase the oxygen level in the cells and it affects joints in a good way. It makes joints and muscles strong. It helps in reducing the strain of physical exercise and the chances of wearing the muscles down. Body’s ability to handle intense physical movement increases.

  • Strengthen lungs

Lifestyle habits have greatly affected the lungs and their lungs. Breathing exercise helps in increasing the air build up in the lungs and diaphragm. It increases the lung elasticity which gives more breathing space.

Lungs- the spongy pair of organs encased in the ribcage is a very important part of the human body and respiratory system. Lungs are the main participant of the respiration process and filtration of air. Lungs have a complex structure of criss-cross lacework of tubular branches divided into several other sub branches and have a sack ending called alveoli.

Lungs filter the air inhaled and separate oxygen from unwanted gases and components. Then this oxygen is supplied to the rest of the body and carbon-dioxide is released back into the environment through the nose.

Lungs are under work every second of our lives and are one of the first internal organs which come into contact with the outer factors of the environment and this fact makes lungs more susceptible to damage than other organs.

Maintaining healthy lungs is important for humans to live life to the fullest. Weak lungs will make the normal day to day tasks into a war against the body.

Lung Diseases-

Lung diseases have become very common in people due to the environment and deteriorating unhealthy lifestyle, either by choice or due to any social requirement. Any damage to the respiratory system can even result in the respiratory failure. So it is quite important to take care of our lungs.

Common causes of lung diseases

  • Quality of air we breathe for a long period of time.
  • Lifestyle habits like smoking, working in factories, poor ventilation surroundings.
  • An infection in the lungs
  • Genetic disease etc.

Some of the major lung diseases are-

  • Pneumonia
  • Asthma
  • Lung Cancer
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Tuberculosis
  • Bronchitis

Symptoms of Lung Diseases-

Although every lung disease has its own symptoms. But some of the common lung disease symptoms are-

  • Persistent coughing
  • Wheezing in some cases
  • Fast breathing (gasping of air)
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Pressure in Chest
  • Bluish colour of lips or skin because of oxygen deficiency
  • Coughing out mucus or blood in some cases

Lung Diseases Diagnosis

At times it can be difficult to identify the critical conditions of the chest and lungs at the initial stages but with the help of proper guidance of doctors and medical experts, the process of diagnosis of the lung diseases can be understood by its symptoms.  Diagnosis of lungs is done to identify the high risk factors in the patients and it will also help in observing the symptoms related to lung diseases. Generally, blood test is done to examine the level of oxygen in the patient and a pulmonary function test is conducted for examining the status of the lungs. There are some tests which are conducted in the laboratory as a part of the diagnosis process.

There are some tests that needs to done for examining the health of the lungs and these tests are as follow:

  • Allergy test
  • Chest imaging
  • Sweat chloride
  • Influenza test
  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • Sputum cytology
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Purtussis
  • Lung biopsy
  • Mycoplasma test
  • Pleural fluid analysis
  • Immunoreactive trypsin
  • Blood culture
  • AFB testing
  • X-ray
  • Pulmonary artery catheterization
  • Thoracoscopy

Importance of timely getting the screening and diagnosis done-

The problems associated with lung and infections are increasing rapidly across the globe and it is necessary to take immediate action to control the spreading of the infection in the entire body. It can only be done with the help of the right treatment at the right time so that the infection can be controlled and lung diseases can be cured timely. Getting the diagnosis done timely will help in the examination of the lung diseases and evaluating the symptoms properly for initiating the right treatment and medication. It is also crucial to keep a check on the activities and a response is generated by the body and it can be done with the help of regular monitoring of the blood levels and oxygen levels. It will help in ensuring the health of your lungs. If there is any abnormal response generated by the lungs then it can be examined during the process of screening and diagnosis so that necessary changes in the medication can be done.

Treatment of lung diseases

There are multiple treatments for handling different lung diseases. Depending on the symptoms of the patient and examining the lung disease, suitable treatment should be selected for specific symptoms observed in the patient.


A lung transplant and lung volume reduction surgery can be done for treating the patient who is suffering from lung diseases. Lung transplant can be considered as an option for the patient who does not have any smoking habit. If the condition of the lungs is getting worse than lung transplant and lung volume reduction surgery can be done for reducing the problems associated with lungs diseases. The lung that is unhealthy can be replaced and either one or two of the lungs can be replaced with the help of the surgery.

Supplemental oxygen or Oxygen Therapy

Supplemental oxygen can also be considered as oxygen therapy.

It is a treatment where the damage caused to the lungs cannot be reversed but it can help in making the lungs healthy through which a strong respiratory process can be developed.

It will also help in stabilizing the blood pressure of the patient.

It helps in formulating the sleeping pattern and conditions through which oxygen levels can be maintained.

The human body cannot store the oxygen so this therapy helps in controlling the oxygen level of the patient.

It works in removing the prongs and it should be conducted while maintaining all the safety precautions.

How is it Different from Corona Virus Testing?

A year struggling with COVID-19 and still end is nowhere to be seen. It seems like we are digging the hole deeper. Cases are increasing and so is the need for testing. Testing is also a very important ammunition against the pandemic. It is not lost on anyone that COVID-19 testing has been an expensive and time-consuming method. So, other methods to test the presence of the COVID-19 virus have been continuously researched and Antigen is one such method.

What is Antigen?

The antigen is a substance that can stimulate the body to produce an immune response by activating lymphocytes which are white blood cells that are the main infection-fighting cells of the body. Antigens are of different types and can be found in the form of proteins, lipids, polysaccharides, or nucleic acids. The immune system of the body recognizes the distinctive features present on the surface of the antigens.

 What is Antigen testing?

Antigen testing is a diagnostic point-of-care nasopharyngeal swab test that indicates presence or absence of COVID antigen in the body. It takes 30 min to test. The test is crafted to detect a certain protein in the virus that stimulates the immune response in the body.

How does antigen work?

COVID-19 has many known antigens like nucleocapsid phosphoprotein, a glycoprotein that has a spike-like protrusion o its surface.

Antigens produce antibodies that have Y- shaped proteins produced by B cells of the immune system. These Y- shaped proteins have antigen-binding sites that bind to the specific part of the antigen surface.

This process helps in eliminating antigens from the body by direct neutralization or by pushing them for elimination by other arms of the immune system.

What does the antigen test indicate?

Whether a person is currently infected by any pathogens virus in this case that is the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The nucleic acid-based test detects genetic materials whereas antigen testing detects proteins, glycans. These proteins are found on the surface of the SARS-CoV-2.

How will the antigen test help in detecting COVID-19?

Antigen tests are generally used to diagnose the presence of respiratory pathogens like influenza, or respiratory syncytial virus. The antigen test detects the presence of a viral antigen that implies a current infection. Rapid Antigen Test for COVID-19 is a test picks on the traces of any antigens in the body which indicates the presence of a virus in recent time.

In simple words, the Rapid Antigen test detects the presence of viral proteins that occur in the body if the body is subjected to the COVID-19 virus. It is generally tested in a sample taken from the respiratory tract. If the antigens are present in a certain quantity it will attach 

itself to specific antibodies on the paper strip in an observatory bag which generates visible signals in nearly 30 minutes.

How accurate is the antigen test?

 Accuracy of antigen tests depends on the circumstance for and in which they are used. Rapid antigen test gives the best results when conducted in the early stages of infection. In the early stage, the viral virus concentration is high and can be easily detected. Antigen tests are very specific but do have lower sensitivity than the RT-PCR test, reason that the Antigen test is mostly used in the early stages.

This accounts for highly accurate results but chances of picking false negatives. Negative results are not necessarily a confirmation of not being infected. So, a follow-up of the RT-PCR test is necessary to confirm the negative test.

  • Antigen test can be very helpful in controlling the spread as it is a very time-saving test and give results faster.
  • Antigen tests can help in the control of spread from an actively infectious person.
  • The antigen test gives results in no tie compared to the RT-PCR test which takes a minimum of 3 days to get the results.
  • The antigen test is also very cost-effective compared to the very expensive RT-PCR test. If new manufacturers enter the market with an antigen test kit it can lead to an increase in the tests per day rate due to its simple design.
  • The antigen test is very simple compared to the other genetic test.
  • Antigen testing can be very helpful due to the increasing number of cases to be tested and a shortage of resources and laboratories to be tested.

Where will the antigen test be helpful?

Although FDA has not given a complete reign over conducting antigen tests it is authorized and with further research, it can be deemed fit to carry on a large scale.

  • In high containment zone antigen tests can help detect influenza-like illness.
  • COVID hotspots areas can hugely benefit from the fast and quick antigen test to keep the new cases in check but under strict supervision.
  • Asymptomatic patients can be tested by antigen test. Patients who are already hospitalized for one or the other serious diseases like HIV+, Chemotherapy patients, transplant patients, patients of the age of more than 65.

Do you get short of breath even just down a couple of stairs? Have severe un-accounted hair loss, sudden dizziness, or cold feet? If yes then you might sit and consider if you have Anemia.

Iron-deficiency anemia is a condition of deficiency of red blood cells in the body. Red blood cells are a very important part of the blood and play various important roles. Red blood cells carry oxygen to pass through the tissues of the body. Haemoglobin is the main protein of red blood cells and deficiency of haemoglobin can cause a lot of damage to the body. Haemoglobin affects the functionality of the organs of the body. Always having fatigue and dizziness are the most common result of Iron deficiency Anemia.

Iron is an important component of haemoglobin and deficiency of iron is a major cause of Anemia. Mineral iron is needed to produce haemoglobin and deficiency of iron results in Iron deficiency Anemia.

Unfortunately, Anemia is very common amongst the population. 6% of the population suffers from Anemia.

Types of Anaemia-

There are nearly 400 types of anemia which can be divided into three major groups.

  • Due to blood loss
  • Due to a decrease in blood cells or no production of red blood cells.
  • Due to the destruction of red blood cells.

There are different types of Anemia. Some are passed down genetically while others can be caused by a long-term disease or accident. In most women anemia occurs during pregnancy. And heavy menstrual flow Infants have anemia passed through or my mother’s medical condition. Rest cases of anemia can be because of any chronic disease, organ failure, or lifestyle.

Pregnancy-induced anemia is a common occurrence and is cured after some time but other types of anemia can be serious and be the indication of a medical condition and require special medical care.

Symptoms of Anaemia

Anemia symptoms can be very mild and common they are often overlooked. But this can lead to a major decline in the number of red blood cells. Symptoms of anemia can vary and depend on the cause of anemia.

  • Sudden dizziness, lightheadedness. Feeling of nearly passing out.
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness and difficulty to perform in day to day activities.
  • Weird cravings for inedible items like ice, mud or clay, etc.
  • Tongue swelling
  • Cold feet and hands compared to the body.
  • Irregular heartbeat while doing the most basic of work.
  • Headaches.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pale skin.

Possible Causes of Anaemia

  • Blood loss

Due to blood loss body can lose a large number of red blood cells. This can happen either in accident, disease, or slowly internal bleeding.

Gastritis, Ulcers, gastrointestinal, hemorrhoids, cancers, blood loss during childbirth, etc. are causes of blood loss. Ulcers can cause internal bleeding.

  • Blood Loss during pregnancy.                                                                                                                                 
  • Consumption of Non-steroidal or anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen can cause internal bleeding in the stomach.
  • Not enough production of red blood cells.

In this case, the body does not produce enough red blood cells. It can be due to faulty organs or deficiency of iron mineral. Haemoglobin is made in the body but can be made without a sufficient amount of iron. A diet which lacks iron mineral can cause anemia. Bone marrow produces blood in the body. Sometimes bone marrow is affected by factors like other chronic diseases, and wars

  • Destruction of Red Blood Cells

Under pressure, red blood cells become incompetent in traveling through the body and burst this is called hemolytic Anaemia. An enlarged spleen can also cause and destruct the cells entirely.

  • Poor diet – it is important a diet full of all the necessary vitamins so the production of red blood cells is not affected. Vitamins are also necessary to maintain the levels so the production of red blood cells is not disrupted.
  • Body not absorbing iron- in case of any after-effects of a disease like celiac disease or gastric bypass or surgery body stop or decreases the quantity of iron absorbed. Even though mineral iron is present in enough quantities body cannot absorb and use it.

Diagnosing Iron deficient Anaemia

If you notice symptoms of anemia consult your doctor for a test.

A doctor can diagnose anemia by blood tests which are;

  • Complete blood cell test (CBC)

Measures platelets, haemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cells, and Red blood cell.

After examining the results of this type based on the severity of your anemia either you will get treatment or further test to better understand your condition.

Treatment – Depending on the type and extent of your anemia doctor will prescribe appropriate treatment.

  • Iron and other Supplements – To restore mineral iron levels in your body supplement are a very convenient way and are rather very effective. It is prescribed to take on an empty stomach to better absorb the iron. This method can take up to months for desired results. Vitamin c is also prescribed because t helps iron absorb better.
  • Proper diet plans and recommended food list is given to follow and compare results after time. It is advised to eat red meat, leafy vegetables, cereals, oranges, or citrus fruits.
  • In case of any internal bleeding or disease, a proper treatment is continued to eradiate the issue.

Depression is a clinical disorder that is now unfortunately very common in people of all ages. India has the highest rate of depression in youth. Globally more than 264 million people are suffering from depression. Depression is one of the major contributors to suicide amongst the younger generation.

What makes it more concerning, is that it is diagnosed with difficulty and way too late. Lack of awareness and conceitedness makes it more difficult for the person to seek out help.

Although in recent years much effective medication like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), and therapies have been discovered to cure depression such as behavioral activation, cognitive behavioral therapy. But it is to understand that mediation for depression is not as simple as any other curative medication.

Antidepressants are used generally for mild to severe cases of depression and are not the first line of treatment. But when it comes to antidepressants many face-to-face psychological treatments are used to come to the right type of antidepressants for the patients.

The point with antidepressants is that it is a difficult and long process to find one which suits the patient most harmlessly. Most common antidepressants don’t work for 70% of people. It takes a long and painful process of hit and trial. This takes a lot of time and is a very taxing process for the patient. Some do not even find their perfect or near to perfect match. Trial and error make patients prone to side effects like anxiety, restlessness, insomnia which will not be able to find is a side effect or result of depression. This can make depression a lot worse than better.

So, away is brought to light to skip the trial and error and straight to the important part.

Yes, a finger-prick blood test can predict likely can guide the depression treatment towards effectiveness in less time.

Research published by some researchers in England suggests a premedication test to suggest the right medication.

Let’s dismantle this problem first to get a better understanding.

Depression affects bodies in different ways. This demands unique medication accordingly. A blood test can be used to come up with a way to better decide on the required antidepressants which would help the patient to recover from clinical depression without trial and error. This method could bring an end to the guessing game of antidepressant prescriptions.

US Southwestern Medical Center says that having a biological explanation can change the way depression is treated.

What are we looking for in the blood?

Blood has biomarkers in it. These act like chemical signals. People have different levels of these biomarkers. Levels of these biomarkers indicate whether the medication would work for the patient or not.

According to scientists tests of levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) will give a better understanding to doctor about the drugs to prescribe and their success rate.

This will not only help the patients who still haven’t got a working medication for them and increase the rate of cured depression patients.

A very common behavior seen in depression patients is dropping the medication course in just 3 months.

Dr. Trivedi Director of the Depression Centre of UT Southwestern Medical Center says “giving up hope and dropping medication is a very common behavior.” But a treatment plan including blood test and a biological proof will give results and patients would be more likely to continue the medication.

A relation between CRP levels and drug used is found by scientists.

  • CRP level less than 1mg/L – escitalopram works just fine.

CRP level higher –   

  • escitalopram plus bupropion works more effectively

CRP is a very general, basic, and effective way to measure inflammations in a human body hence it is an effective marker for depression.

According to Dr. Trivedi’s research one does not need a higher amount of inflammation to experience the symptoms of depression. A small range of inflammation in the body can trigger depressive symptoms, inpatient.

Many advanced types of research are to get a better idea of the role of CRPs with other antidepressants and to find more alternatives for CRPs.

Patients are hopeful that biological reasoning could be found so there are better and more chances of curing the illness. Rather than just relying on guessing treatments and questions and answer with the patients which has not proven to be much effective.

One major benefit is finding, what type of metabolizing system the patient has?

  • A better understanding of how a certain drug will react to the genes in the body. For eg. How the patient process the drug can be predicted. Is it too slow that it can cause buildup in the body or too fast that the drug leaves the body without working?

These blood tests can also help in determining how the body will react to a certain drug. It helps in avoiding harmful, ineffective drugs, and side effects.

 This does have its limitations but it’s the beginning to find a more stable and effective treatment route for depression.

With the constant research and studies, treating depression can surely become easier and quicker in the future, helping people avoid the emotional, physical and mental stress of trial and error method of f antidepressants and therapy techniques and eventually making them realise what’s actually important, a move towards a  healthy life.

We should be more responsible about health issues and specifically towards mental health as we tend to ignore it. Science have been making constant efforts to tackle this condition have made appreciable efforts towards it.

All we can do it hope for the best while managing the rest.

We are facing a global pandemic since the beginning of this year 2020 and have realized the importance of a healthy lifestyle and immunity power. You might as well be aware of the fact that this coronavirus attacks the lungs and makes it vulnerable. This brings us to the importance of healthy lungs.

Healthy Lungs play a vital role in helping our bodies function well. Lungs are our support system for breathing. As per the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 235 million people are suffering from asthma. We all know the benefits of pranayama and yoga for better functioning of the lungs.

So what more can we do to make our lungs healthier and stronger, making it immune to the virus and other diseases? What are the odds of having a few food items as an answer? We would like to break it to you that certain foods help your lungs grow stronger! These include garlic, turmeric, ginger, fish, walnut, citrus fruits, onion, and apple. There are many more on the list but for now, we will study how exactly do they help in making the lungs function better and make it healthier. Let’s go through them and find out how!

Also, Read Why Is Vitamin D So Important for Your Health?

Raw Food items that are good for healthy lungs –

Garlic –

The anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties of garlic are beneficial to people with conditions like asthma, bronchitis, and as per few recent studies, garlic has protective effects on even a lung cancer patient to an extent as it might work as a chemopreventive agent. It enhances the elimination of toxins and carcinogens, helping your lungs to function better, as it comprises flavonoids, stimulating the production of glutathione.

Turmeric –

As Indians, we know the use of turmeric as a natural antiseptic with medicinal qualities. It is also a major part of most of the food preparations. The anti-inflammatory property of Curcumin found in turmeric is really important in improving the functioning of lungs and helps in conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis, and acute lung injury because of its effectiveness in pulmonary conditions with abnormal inflammatory responses. The Curcumin compound helps in relieving the inflammation of the airways and tightness of the chest, which is associated with asthma.

Ginger –

Ginger is a very usual and important part of many food recipes that we eat and drink and it also offers many benefits to the lungs. The anti-inflammatory qualities cause bronchodilation in asthmatic patients. It is also credited for breaking down the mucus and expelling it.

Fish –

The omega 3 fatty acids, extracted from fish are beneficial for patients with chronic lung diseases like a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also has anti-inflammatory properties that decrease the inflammation of the lungs in COPD patients. Apart from fatty acid, the fish oil also protects the lungs from infections by a bacterium called Haemophilus influenza.

Walnut –

For those who are vegetarians and won’t consume omega 3 fatty acids from fish, walnut is for your rescue here. Same as in fish oil, walnuts are well loaded with omega 3 fatty acids, which turns out to be really helpful for COPD patients by controlled inflammation of the lungs.

As little as one handful daily can turn out to help fight asthma and other respiratory ailments.

Also Read, 9 Solid Foods that Enhances the Body Immune System

Water –

Water is the basic form of life. Water itself is life. And there is nothing more beneficial and effective than water. Water is one of the purest ways to detoxify your body. You must drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water to keep your body hydrated because dry lungs are more susceptible to inflammation and irritation.

Citrus Fruits –

Citrus fruits, especially orange and lemon, are an amazing source of antioxidants and Vitamin C and Vitamin C, in turn, helps in boosting the immunity and fighting against respiratory infections. The fruits that are rich in Vitamin C reduce wheezing in children and optimize lung functions and breathing in COPD patients, as per a few recent studies.

Onion –

Onion, again, is the most commonly used vegetable in every other Indian household due to its taste, micronutrients, and vitamins. Even traditionally, it has been used as an herbal remedy for cold, influenza, and bronchitis. It helps improve the lungs and its functioning with its anti-inflammatory properties.

Flaxseeds – 

Many surveys are showing that flaxseed oil can help in the reduction of lung fibrosis. They help in protecting lung tissues before and after exposure to the radiation and help in the reduction of lung inflammation.

Apple –

We all are aware of the famous adage that says, “an apple a day, keeps the doctor away”. Well, we cannot deny this, can we? This adage has been backed by several recent studies with scientific evidence. As per a few clinical studies, the risk of developing lung cancer is reduced by regular consumption of apples. Apple is also credited for the reduced risk of asthma, as per a study. It helps maintain and improve the functioning of the lungs and the entire respiratory system.

Takeaway –

These were the 8 foods that are amazing for healthy lungs. As the proverb goes, “we are what we eat”. Make sure you add these to your daily diet and ensure better and healthier lungs and respiratory system for your body. These are the basic foods that we consume every day in Indian households, but if you are going through any serious lung-related problem, make sure to visit the doctor right away to ensure the best of your health.

Stay tuned to  Dr. B. Lal Clinical Laboratory for more updates.

In a speeding 21st century life, we often stay laid back and ignorant about our health and body. Usually, to stay healthy in this busy and junk food generation, we often take multivitamins and expect a healthy life from it. But that would be too ambitious, to be honest. Your vitamin supplement from the store will never be able to substitute a healthy lifestyle and a good diet.

In this post, we will talk about 10 essential vitamins and minerals which you would definitely want to make a part of your routine to avoid diseases and lead a healthy life. Let’s take a quick look!

Vitamin A

A fat-soluble vitamin that is present naturally in many foods like salmon, green vegetables, orange, yellow vegetables like carrots, squash, etc. Vitamin A is very important for building a healthy immune system, maintaining a normal vision, and reproduction. It also deals with the proper functioning of the heart, lungs, kidneys, etc. and other important organs. Vitamin A is differentiated in two, one found in poultry, fish, and dairy products, called Preformed Vitamin A, while the other is found in fruits and other plant base veggies and is known as Provitamin A. Healthy teeth, skin and eyes can be ensured by Vitamin A.

B Vitamins

B Vitamins are responsible for increased energy production, immune system functioning, and iron absorption by the body. So next time you feel tired and lazy, you know what your body needs! Food like potatoes, bananas, lentils, whole grains, and beans are a wholesome bunch of B Vitamins. Stock it up for a tiring and lazy day!

Also, Read, Lifestyle Changes Actually Help To Control Diabetes

Vitamin C

The amazing vitamin that is responsible for the enhanced skin elasticity, and strong blood vessels. Vitamin C also comes with great antioxidant functions! Vitamin C is required for the growth and repair of almost all parts of your body. Healing your wounds and scars are also features of this amazing Vitamin. And you where it comes from, Oranges! A lot of them! Make fruits like guava, grapefruits, kiwifruits, and strawberries an important part of your daily breakfast meal and get a boost of Vitamin C all together!

Vitamin D

The sunshine nutrient, synthesized by our body from the ultraviolet rays of sunlight absorbed by the body, is mainly responsible for calcium and phosphorous, which leads to empowering the bones in our body. Vitamin D deficiency may lead to low bone density and diseases like osteoporosis, which makes bones weak and brittle, leading to injuries. So next time be extra careful while using your daily sunscreen lotion as it stops the body from creating vitamin D from sunlight. Food like eggs, fish, and mushroom is helpful supplements for the same.

Vitamin E

We all know the importance of the immune system and immunity power as we are facing a global pandemic right now and to fight it, we surely do need a stronger immune system. Vitamin E is exactly the Vitamin you are looking for! It makes the immune system stronger to fight against bacteria and viruses. The alternative feature of this vitamin is that it helps in removing wrinkles by protecting against free radicals and it also helps in maintaining healthy blood circulation. Just look at it! It’s a win-win situation!

Vitamin K

It is a group of fat-soluble vitamins that produce prothrombin, a protein, and a clotting factor responsible for blood clotting and bone metabolism. It also plays a vital role in regulating blood calcium levels. It turns out to be really helpful in making healthy bones. Make a healthy meal of spinach, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts for your full-day Vitamin K dose, helping in blood coagulation.

Folic Acid

A perfect supplement to the diet of pregnant ladies out there! With the cell-renewing and birth-defect reduction qualities of folic acid it can surely help you before and after delivery of your healthy child. The meal should include asparagus, broccoli, citrus fruits, beans, nuts, cauliflower, seeds, and corn. How better and tastier can it get, right?


Calcium is pretty famous among all the nutritional elements for its bone-powering qualities. Make sure you are consuming a decent amount of calcium in order to keep your bones strong by drinking a lot of milk and soy lattes. Our vegan friends can depend on tofu!


Iron holds the credibility of healthy muscles and blood in our bodies.  A decent meal of oysters, pumpkin seeds, and spinach can provide you with enough iron for your body!


Immunity, growth, and fertility, all are taken care of by zinc in our bodies. It also helps in cell division, cell growth, wound healing, and the carbohydrate breakdown. It also is responsible for our important senses such as smell and taste. A zinc-rich diet may include cashews, beans, oysters, and even dark chocolate! Yes, we just gave you a reason to eat it!

These were 10 important vitamins and minerals essential for a healthy life, along with tasty, yet healthy food supplements to enrich them!

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In a typical Indian scenario, women always have a laid back attitude towards their healthcare and in the rural parts, even the men aren’t much bothered about the healthcare of women in general. Many women have this reluctant behavior of keeping other members of family superior to themselves and follow the same in healthcare as well. Medical tests are often treated as a waste of money, but instead, it is a check-up to find out diseases that may turn severe if not treated in early stages. Although no disease should ever be ignored, here are a few tests that no women should miss at the right frequency.

Cholesterol Level Screening –

A cholesterol test is done to ensure the cholesterol isn’t high, which indicates fewer chances of developing heart and blood vessels related diseases like a heart attack. The cholesterol developing in the arteries can result in critical health problems. Lipid profile tests could be used to measure the risk of heart disease. In women, after menopause, the cholesterol levels can increase. Measuring LDL and HDL cholesterol in such cases can be helpful. In case of any heart disease history in the family, triglycerides must be measured to avoid any kind of risk.

Bone Density Test –

We already have been seeing the television commercial where they clearly say that 1 out of 2 women suffer low bone density after a certain age. This data marks the importance of this check-up. Osteoporosis, as medically called, is quite common in women as compared to men. As a result of this, bones become weaker and brittle.  The body continuously absorbs while at the same time replaces the bone tissue.

New bone creation is hindered and fails to keep up with old bone removal in Osteoporosis. Symptoms are not usually witnessed till they have a bone fracture. In such a condition, it cannot be cured, but treatment can surely help, the early the better. Vitamins, dietary supplements, antacid, etc. can turn helpful. It is caused because too much parathyroid hormone causes loss of calcium in urine at the expense of bone and lesser the calcium, more the loss of bone. Other hormone imbalances can also be a reason though.

Vitamin D Test –

The sunshine vitamin, or Vitamin D3, is apparently very crucial for a woman’s healthy body. According to the research, vitamin d plays an indisputable role in inherent as well as adaptive immunity. As a fact, we all know that Vitamin d is naturally developed by the body by absorbing the UV rays from the sun. In such cases, both the quality and quantity of sunlight matters. The process can although be hindered due to poor dietary intake, absorption, or poor exposure to sunlight, due to chronic kidney disease and obesity.

This is commonly seen and is riskier to women in their late 60s, dark-skinned people, and women using sunscreen lotions. Vitamin D is really vital, especially for women as it helps in the prevention of osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, hypertension, obesity, and psychiatric diseases. It plays a vital role in pregnancy. Even though it is necessary to prevent and treat some forms of cancer and other critical diseases, its primary job stays protecting the occurrence of bone loss and helps in making them strong.

Anemia and Iron Deficiency Test –

Anemia is a condition when the blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells (RBCs) or dysfunctional red blood cells, leading to a reduced oxygen flow to different organs in the body. The symptoms for this include skin pallor, shortness of breath, dizziness, and fatigue, or even fast heartbeats at times. Although both men and women suffer anemia, as per the Global Nutrition Report 2017, more than 50% of women in India in the age group of 15-49 years are anemic. Blaming only undernutrition would not be appropriate, as, in India, poor hygiene holds equal responsibility for anemia because it also prevents the absorption of food. Blood hemoglobin levels check-up is important to diagnose anemia. It will also check if low nutritional iron is the cause behind it.

Thyroid Hormones Test –

As compared to men, women have a lot more chances of developing thyroid diseases. When the thyroid stops secreting enough hormones into the blood, hypothyroidism can develop and results in slowing down the organs. This happens in women usually after pregnancy and menopause. The serious repercussions include high cholesterol and eventually, heart trouble. The opposite may happen in case of hyperthyroidism where the thyroid secretes too much of hormones and as a result, bodily functions speed up. Women nearing menopause should be extra careful in ruling out thyroid disorders.

These are the major tests that are commonly ignored by women and which are really important for better health. Apart from these, other tests like eye examination, ear examination, diabetes test, blood pressure test, etc. are a few really important tests for women.

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One of the most important Vitamins for our health, Vitamin D, is lacking in many people today. The “sunshine vitamin” as it is also called, is naturally synthesized by the body from the absorbed ultraviolet rays from the sun. It is developed in the body as a response to the sunlight. This biosynthesis process can be inadequate due to problems like poor dietary intake, absorption, or in some cases, poor exposure to sunlight.

Vitamin D is very useful for our overall health and can be stored in the body fat until it is needed, but it isn’t that easy to get enough of it into our body. Vitamin D’s main feature includes maintaining the right amount of calcium and phosphorus in our blood, which results in making the bones stronger. With a deficiency of Vitamin D, calcium and phosphorus may not be absorbed efficiently by the body and the bones won’t get enough of it, which eventually makes them weak and brittle, leading to injuries. It can be boosted through the intake of several supplements and foods.

Vitamin D is basically a prohormone, a precursor of a hormone. Vitamins in general are nutrients that the body is unable to create, but Vitamin D on the contrary can be produced by the body.

Vitamin D is important because it-

  • Helps prevent bone fracture
  • Promotes healthy bones and teeth
  • Prevents chances of osteoporosis or low bone density
  • Decreases the chances of cancer like colon cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, etc. by influencing the expression of genes involved in cancer development
  • Decreases the risk of diabetes in young people by regulating insulin levels
  • Reduce the risk of heart disease and heart failure
  • Reduce the risk of high blood pressure
  • Supports immune, brain, and nervous system
  • Supports lung functioning and cardiovascular health.
  • Improves mood as well!

These were the benefits of Vitamin D to our body. Now let’s see the problems due to the deficiency of Vitamin D-

  • Weaker bones, prone to breaking
  • Rickets can be developed in children, which prevent their bones to grow properly and delay their growth. It may also result in causing the problem to their immune system
  • Adults, on the other hand, are prone to osteomalacia and osteoporosis, which are the key culprits for low bone density and make them weaker and brittle
  • Increased chances of cardiovascular conditions, autoimmune problems
  • Chances of neurological diseases
  • Infections
  • Complications in pregnancy

Also Read, Vitamin D Deficiency: A Global Concern

Vitamin D is really essential and should be checked eventually through the specific medical test if the symptoms are evident. Some of the symptoms are-

  • Fatigue
  • Back pain
  • Bone pain
  • Hair loss
  • Muscle pain
  • Regular sickness
  • Infection

Amount of Vitamin D needed –

As per the experts, in absence of enough exposure to sunlight, then children and adults need about 800 to 1000 units of Vitamin D every day for a healthy body. While at the same time, older people of age more than 65 years may need more than 1000 units of Vitamin D in a day because of their minimum interaction with sunlight, and due to that their bodies won’t absorb the vitamins the way it used to. Exceptions are those who are already facing a deficiency of Vitamin D. In those cases, they need much more than 1000 units a day to recover and maintain the 1000 per day record.

However, too much of anything is unhealthy and so is Vitamins. Some people may intake as much as 2000 units per day. A Vitamin D overdose can result in sickness with nausea and vomiting along with irregular heartbeats.

Sources of Vitamin D –

Although there are additional supplements for Vitamin D, still the best source for Vitamin D is sunlight. Also, too much sunlight can result in severe diseases like skin burns and even skin cancer in extreme cases while very little exposure to sunlight can affect the amount of Vitamin D in the body. Moreover, a 10 to 15 minutes exposure to direct sunlight, twice a day, is enough to maintain the Vitamin D level in the body. Exceptions would be made if you’re using a sunscreen lotion because that stops your skin from absorbing the sunlight and results in a deficiency.

Vitamin D supplements are easily available at stores and supermarkets, but few supplements are only available by prescription of doctor suggested for someone going through deficiency of Vitamin D.

Few foods that can be a good supplement of Vitamin D –

  • Cod liver oil
  • Salmon, cooked
  • Tuna fish
  • Cheese
  • Egg yolks
  • Mushrooms
  • Fortified milk, cereals, and juices

These are the outlined information about Vitamin D and how it is useful for our body. The content here is not completely relatable to every person, as we have mentioned, exceptions are always there. For better knowledge about the same, consult a doctor and get you Vitamin D checked.

Are you waiting for the result of your blood test and wondering if it will be reliable? Or are you considering getting your blood tested at some other lab? There are many clients who send us the questions related to blood test results and without a doubt, the question is important enough.

Our users are surprised many times regarding the blood test results varying between labs to labs. It doesn’t depend on the academics of different labs but it is solely dependent on the different time points, some other variations, and importantly the calibration of different equipment at labs.

Would the different blood test results make any difference? Or cause more doubts?

First things first. Yes, the result of blood tests done in the same method and conditions from different labs can be very similar but not the same.

Results of blood tests are often given in the numbers or statistics or a simple yes or no. In the case of a test done for any particular inflammation or disease, the result is yes or no.

Generally, the results are quite similar in the laboratories that use the same blood test method and the sample type but this isn’t the case always. Because the reference range differs from lab to lab.

Statistical or numerical results are not of much importance until they are interpreted. And the results are interpreted by the help of a reference point. This is where the results will start to differ.

Reference values

Reference values are a set of values that are made into consideration to a healthy person and the results are compared to the reference points to draw out the conclusion.

Reference points are fairly to be different for every other lab. Reference values are as a guide to form conclusions about the health of the person.

The reference range also depends on the people who took the test to set up the reference values. Do not forget reference values are not normal values.

Types of equipment

Every lab has different types of equipment with which they collect samples and test blood. It is bound to have a different result because the equipment affects the results. Be it from the storage container in which blood is stored or the equipment under which it is tested.


Analytical work is bound to have issues and errors. These tests if performed repeatedly in the same lab can cause a lot of difference let alone different labs. The blood test involves chemically testing blood under chemicals and pigments which reacts differently in some cases. The potency of the chemicals can cause variance in the result of the blood test result. For example, vitamin B12 is known to be a test that is not always precise.

Diet and hydration of the patient

If the tests are done on different days results can vary due to differences in hydration and glucose levels in the body. If the diet of the patient has varying vitamin K levels it can be highly affected by Coumadin, the blood thinner drug, which is used by many patients.

Over-hydration is also one of the factors which affect the result of the blood test.

Test methods

The test methods or procedures used to test the blood can also cause variation in the result of the blood test. Different procedures involve different chemicals, routine, time intervals which are bound to have different reactions in blood tests.

Some methods are just incompatible in nature. Like enzyme, LDH can be measured using either forward lactate which pyruvate the reaction or reverse pyruvate which causes lactate change.

Sample handling

A simple step that is generally not paid attention to. It is an important step because how the sample has been retrieved and handled till and during the test can cause variance in the blood test result. Samples that are not true as they were taken can cause a major difference in the result.

Systematic errors

There can be errors in techniques, poor calibration, or even imbalance between methods. Immunological techniques can be difficult to cooperate as the antibodies used by different labs is varying mainly due to labs often get their antibody agents patented and labs avoid using the same antibody.

Also Read, ESR Blood Test – The Detector of Causes of Inflammation in a Human Body


It is a whole different problem. Like urate test can be measured in two ways.

One method is by using a chemical method that involves phophotungstate or the enzymic method which involves uricase. Both of these easily interfere with Vitamin C. The interference is also different; positive in case of plasma and negative in case of an enzyme. 

Other factors which can cause variation of results can be:

Use of valid reagents.

Daily calibration error.

Inexperienced hands or human error.

Interval of sample taking and actual testing.